13 FOREWORD
  Chapter I
  THE ROLE OF PHILOSOPHY IN SOCIETY
15 [introduction.]
15 1. Philosophy as a World Outlook
24 2. Philosophy as Methodology
26 3. Philosophy and Man’s Practical Activities
27 4. The Subject-Matter of Philosophy
27 5. Philosophy and Special Sciences
29 6. The Partisanship of Philosophy
  Chapter II
  THE STRUGGLE OF MATERIALISM AGAINST IDEALISM IN THE PRE-MARXIAN PHILOSOPHY
31 1. The Emergence of Philosophy
33 2. The Struggle Between Materialism and Idealism in Slave-Owning Society
41 3. The Struggle of Materialism Against Idealism in Medieval Philosophy
44 4. The Materialism of the 17th and 18th Centuries and Its Struggle Against Religion and Idealism
58 5. Classical German Philosophy at the End of the 18th and in the First Half of the 19th Centuries
70 6. The Philosophy of 19th-century Russian Revolutionary Democrats
  Chapter III
  THE REVOLUTIONARY UPHEAVAL IN PHILOSOPHY MADE BY MARXISM
75 1. The Conditions for the Emergence of Marxist Philosophy
79 2. The Substance of the Revolutionary Upheaval Made by Marx and Engels in Philosophy
85 3. The Development of Marxist Philosophy by Lenin
93 Dialectical materialism
  Chapter IV
  MATTER AND CONSCIOUSNESS
95 1. A Critique of the Idealist and Metaphysical Views of Matter
97 2. Lenin’s Definition of Matter
98 3. Material Entity. Types of Matter
100 4. Matter and the Material
100 5. Matter as Substance
102 6. Motion—a Universal Form of the Existence of Matter
111 7. Space and Time
117 8. Reflection as a Universal Property of Matter
119 9. Development of the Forms of Reflection
121 10. Peculiarities of the Psychological Form of Reflection
123 11. Consciousness—the Highest Form of the Psychic Reflection of Reality
  Chapter V
  KNOWLEDGE
133 1. The Essence of Knowledge
135 2. Practice as the Basis of Knowledge
138 3. The Dialectical Way of Knowledge
156 4. Forms and Methods of Scientific Knowledge (Cognition)
  Chapter VI
  CATEGORIES OF MATERIALIST DIALECTICS
175 1. The Concept of Category
177 2. The Interconnection of Categories
185 3. The Interconnection of Phenomena
191 4. The Individual, the Particular and the Universal
199 5. Cause and Effect
208 6. Necessity and Accident (Chance)
215 7. Law
223 8. Content and Form
231 9. Essence and Phenomenon
237 10. Possibility and Reality
  Chapter VII
  THE BASIC LAWS OF DIALECTICS
246 [introduction.]
247 1. The Law of the Transition of Quantitative to Qualitative Changes
259 2. The Law of the Unity and “Struggle” of Opposites
273 3. The Law of the Negation of Negation
283 Historical materialism
  Chapter VIII
  THE SUBJECT-MATTER OF HISTORICAL MATERIALISM
285 1. Historical Materialism as a Part of Marxist Philosophy
287 2. Historical Materialism and the Other Social Sciences
289 3. The Limitations of Pre-Marxian Sociological Views
298 4. The Development of Sociology into a Science
301 5. Historical Necessity and People’s Conscious Activity
  Chapter IX
  SOCIETY AND NATURE
306 1. On the Unity of Society and Nature
309 2. On Nature’s Impact on Society
314 3. Society’s Influence on Nature
316 4. The Role of Population Growth in the Life of Society
  Chapter X
  MATERIAL PRODUCTION AS THE BASIS OF SOCIETY’S EXISTENCE AND DEVELOPMENT
320 1. The Concept of Production
323 2. The Productive Forces of Society

329 3. Relations of Production
334 4. Dialectics of the Development of Productive Forces and Relations of Production
  Chapter XI
  THE BASIS AND SUPERSTRUCTURE
348 [introduction.]
348 1. Specific Features of the Basis and Superstructure
353 2. The Patterns of Development and Replacement of the Basis and Superstructure
356 3. Specific Features of the Basis and Superstructure Under Socialism
  Chapter XII
  CLASSES AND CLASS RELATIONS
359 [introduction.]
361 1. Lenin’s Definition of Classes
364 2. The Origin of Classes
369 3. A Critique of the Theory of Stratification and Social Mobility
372 4. Society’s Class Structure
379 5. The Class Struggle as a Motive Force in the Development of Antagonistic Society
386 6. The Objective Conditions for the Abolition of Classes
  Chapter XIII
  THE POLITICAL ORGANISATION OF SOCIETY
390 1. The Political Organisation of Society as a Concept
390 2. The Origin and Essence of the State: A Critique of Non-Marxist Theories
395 3. The Origin and Essence of the State
398 4. Types and Forms of the State
401 5. Specific Features of the Socialist State
408 6. Objective Conditions for the Withering Away of the State
  Chapter XIV
  SOCIAL REVOLUTION
411 1. Social Revolution as a Form of Transition From One Socio-Economic Class System to Another
413 2. The Objective and Subjective Preconditions for a Social Revolution
415 3. The Character and Driving Forces of a Social Revolution
416 4. A Socialist Revolution
  Chapter XV
  SOCIAL CONSCIOUSNESS AND ITS FORMS
428 1. The Essence of Social Being and Social Consciousness
434 2. The Relative Independence of Social Consciousness
435 3. The Influence of Social Consciousness on Social Being
437 4. The Structure of Social Consciousness
441 5. Political Ideology
445 6. Legal Consciousness
449 7. Morality
462 8. The Arts
470 9. Religion
475 10. Science
  Chapter XVI
  THE ROLE OF THE MASSES AND THE INDIVIDUAL IN HISTORY. SOCIETY AND THE INDIVIDUAL
483 1. The Masses as a Decisive Force of Social Progress
489 2. The Role of the Personality in History
493 3. Society and the Individual
  Chapter XVII
  SOCIAL PROGRESS
499 1. The Concept of Social Progress
505 2. The Objective Criterion of Social Progress
508 3. Socio-Economic Systems as Stages of Society’s Progress
515 4. The Specific Features of Progress in Exploiting Society
517 5. The Specific Features of Progress Under Socialism
* * *
 

Notes